White-winged Dove

White-winged dove (Zenaida asiatica) is a medium-sized bird belonging to the dove family, Columbidae. This species is primarily found in the southwestern United States, Mexico, and Central America, with some populations extending into parts of the Caribbean. The white-winged dove is characterized by its striking appearance, with distinct white patches on its wings that contrast sharply against its pale grayish-brown body. Adults typically measure between 28 to 31 centimeters (11 to 12 inches) in length and weigh around 150 to 170 grams.

white winged dove in Nayarit Mexico
Gorgeous white-winged dove photo depicting showy gold collar and distinctive white wing patch.

In terms of habitat, white-winged doves inhabit a variety of environments, including desert scrub, open woodlands, agricultural areas, and suburban landscapes. They are highly adaptable birds and can thrive in both natural and human-altered habitats. These doves are often associated with areas containing mesquite trees, which provide them with important food and nesting resources.

White-winged doves are primarily seed-eaters, with a diet that includes a variety of seeds, grains, fruits, and occasionally insects. They are known to forage on the ground or in low vegetation, using their strong bill to crack open seeds and fruits. During the breeding season, they may also consume more protein-rich foods to support reproduction.

white winged dove fed on pinto beans in Nayarit Mexico
Whee-winged doves will depredate agricultural crops. This white-winged dove had been foraging on pinto beans in Nayarit Mexico.